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GERMANY AND A UNITED EUROPE

THE ROLE OF GERMAN HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY

German Edition Klicken Sie hier für Deutsch

The idea of a united Europe has been a dream through European history.  It came closest to realization in the time of ancient Rome.  Since then there have been many failed efforts such as the Holy Roman Empire, Napoleon and Hitler's Empire.

Today, a united Europe is no longer a dream.  It is a reality, and it grows stronger each year, even though the process of unification has been a very messy affair (and will continue to be a turbulent and sometimes comical process.).

Europe today has a larger economy, a larger population and a larger army than America.  It also has a very large defense and armaments industry.  If the world situation continues to go downhill, Europe could gain the political will to deploy a far larger military machine than America.  Indeed, due to changing technology, a major European rearmament campaign at the end of the decade could give Europe a decisive military edge over America, particularly in light of America's huge budget and trade deficits that will make it very hard for America to respond in kind.

AMERICA AND THE EUROPEAN UNION

Under President Bush, America's relations with Europe are at an all time low in history.  The post World War II "Atlantic Alliance" was held together by fear of Russia, a threat that no longer exists.  The American attack on Iraq in 2003 was and is strongly opposed by most Europeans.   America and Europe are also very much at odds over global environmental policies.   Trade tensions between America and the EU are also heating up.  

Looking at America and the EU, radical internal and cultural differences can be seen.  America is the only modern state that does not have a commitment to the ethic of national health insurance.  America's social problems are so serious that it has more people in poverty and in jail than the entire EU combined.   Equally serious is the growing disgust in Europe with the influence of  many "Christian" religious elements in American politics.  These groups are perceived by many Europeans as threatening the global environment by opposing responsible efforts at family planning, sex education, many aspects of the war on AIDS and  trying to stop needed medical research.  In Europe  campaigns by various American "religious" groups against gays, Muslims, Hindus and other minorities are seen as particularly offensive. In Europe it is not at all clear that these people need to be "saved".  The most popular American version of Christianity, the evangelical version of  Christianity born in England in the 18th century, has little support on the continent of Europe  What little support it ever did have is rapidly declining due to the previously mentioned actions of the "religious" right and their attachment of the name of their version of "Jesus" to political projects such as tax cuts for the rich and the invasion of Iraq. 

GERMANY AND THE EUROPEAN FUTURE

Today, the number one economic and military power in Europe is Germany.  Indeed, Germany's position of power is now in some ways more advantageous than ever before.  Russia is a pale shadow of its former self.  England has gone from being a world empire to a small island.  France is also no longer a world empire.

Germany's emerging power is hidden by the political legacy of World War II.  German politicians still play down any pretences of nationalism.  However, the Schroeder government has charted an independent foreign policy, particularly in relation to America, that is truly a decisive break with the German postwar past.

It is hard to follow some aspects the political debate in Germany because the country still has official censorship laws in place.  However, in the last ten years there has been a far more open environment.  Many books now appear discussing in great detail the previously heretical notion that America and England committed terrible wars crimes as well as the Nazis.  Specifically, these books argue that  the decision to use "area bombing", which as a matter of deliberate policy razed whole sections of German cities to the ground, was a war crime.  More books are now appearing relating the slaughter of millions of German civilians in the campaign of "ethnic cleansing" organized by the Poles and the Czechs to deport millions of Germans from their lands at the end of World War II.

The end result of such books and public discussions (regardless of their merit or lack of merit) is likely to weaken America's moral authority in the eyes of the German people.

We are not in a position to resolve debates such as these issues in German history.  However, we believe it is critical to know about them.  We have listed below a wide collection of German books and political organizations.  Some are from the far left.  Others are from the far right.

As we have always stated in our publications principles, the listing of  these groups does not in way imply an endorsement.  We are not a rating service.  Nor do we have the resources to determine which of these groups does or does not have real power in Germany. 

What you see here is what is available to the German people today.  Germany is going in new directions.  As the most powerful nation in Europe, it is important that people understand what is going on.

The past can and does haunt the future.  The new directions in the public perception of the German past could have a major impact on the German future and the future of  the potential global superpower of a united EU.

The majority of these sites are in German.  When possible we have noted sites that have pages in English, German, and other languages.


NOTE:  A BRIEF STATEMENT OF PUBLICATIONS PRINCIPLES

The World Future Fund serves as a source of documentary material, reading lists, and internet links from different points of view that we believe have historical significance.  The publication of this material is in no way whatsoever an endorsement of these viewpoints by the World Future Fund, unless explicitly stated by us.  As our web site makes very clear, we are totally opposed to ideas such as racism, religious intolerance, and communism.  However, in order to combat such evils, it is necessary to understand them by means of the study of key documentary material.  For a more detailed statement of our publications standards click here.


POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS ONLINE AND PRINT MEDIA OUTLETS GERMAN VICTIMS IN WORLD WAR II

CENSORSHIPBOOKS AND VIDEOS


 
EDITORIAL NOTE ON CATEGORIES:  IMPORTANT.  At the request of our readers the new edition of this report has split up the organizations by category.  These terms such and "left-wing", "right-wing and "mainstream" are by their very nature arbitrary and certainly open to debate.  They are not meant to be final.   Any critical commentary on this will be reviewed by our editors if people object to where some organizations are categorized.  This is meant to be a convenience for the busy reader who may not have time to read everything.
 

 
POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS
 
Left-Wing
 
Bündnis für Demokratie und Toleranz German
Blick nach Rechts German
Extremismus und Demokratie German and English

Informationsdienst gegen Rechtsextremismus
Nazis.de Initiative Some English
Netz Gegen Rechtsextremismus
Vereinigung der Verfolgten des Nazi Regimes/Bund der Antifaschisten (VVN-BDA)
 
Right-Wing
 
Bürgerinitiative Ausländerstopp
Deutschland Bewegung
Deutsche Volksunion
Deutsches Kolleg German
Eine Bewegung Werden
German
Institut für Staatspolitik
German
Nationales Bündnis Dresden
German
Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands (NPD) German
Die Republikaner
Staatsbriefe German
Thule Seminar
Werkstatt Neues Deutschland German

Official Institutions

Deutsches Historisches Museum Multiple Languages
Dokumentationsarchiv des Österreichischen Widerstand
German and English
Friedrich Ebert Stiftung German, English, and Spanish
Fritz Bauer Institut
German and English
Hamburger Institut für Sozial Forschung German and English
Institut für Zeitgeschichte Multiple Languages
Topographie des Terrors German and English
 


ONLINE AND PRINT MEDIA OUTLETS
 
Left-Wing

Konkret German

Right-Wing 

 
Arndt Press Nation & Europa

Zuerst  (Arndt)
Junge Freiheit
Mainstream
 
Argument German
Die Tageszeitung German
Frankfurter Rundschau German
Der Tagesspiegel German
Die Welt
German
Die Zeit
German
Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung
German
Rheinischer Merkur
German
Süddeutsche Zeitung
German

WAR CRIMES AGAINST GERMANS WORLD WAR II

EXPULSIONS FROM EASTERN EUROPE

Bund der Vertriebenen German
Zentrum Gegen Vertreibungen German and English
Der deutsche Osten German
Deutschlandchronik German
Historische Dokumentation von Verbrechen an der deutschen Bevölkerung German
Opfergang German
Wintersonnenwende German

Ostpreussen Info German
Deutsch-Polnische Gesellschaft Brandenburg
Multiple Languages

Vertreibung German
A history of expulsions in Eastern Europe and Germany in the 20th Century.

Die Erinnerung an Flucht und Vertreibung German
Materials and documents from the Zentrum Gegen Vertreibungen exhibition in Berlin on expulsions, German and otherwise (August-October 2006)

Zentrum Gegen Vertreibungen Exhibition "Erzwungene Wege" (Forced Paths) German
A new exhibition in Berlin on expulsions, including sections on German expellees in 1944-45, but not limited to these historical events alone.  A link at the bottom of the page leads to pictures and panels from the exhibition.

Academic Papers

Jürgen Danyel und Phillipp Ther, "Flucht und Vertreibung in europäischer Perspektive" PDF German
A collection of online scholarly articles on the subject of expulsions.

Ulrike Ackermann, "Vergessen zugunsten der Zukunft? Zur Debatte über Vertreibungen" (2002) PDF German

Peter Glotz, "Der Kampf Gegen das Verbrechen der Vertreibung" (2004)" PDF German


ALLIED BOMBING CAMPAIGN

Information on the RAF Bombing Campaign

Der Bombenkrieg über Deutschland German
Der Bombenkrieg German
60 Jahre Kriegsende German
Der Bombenkrieg gegen Nazi-Deutschland German
Die Allierten Bombenkrieg German
Der Brand German
Die Debatte um den Bombenkrieg German
Luftangriffe, 1939-1945 German
Tod im Bombenkrieg German
Bombenkrieg
German

City/Location Histories

Museum Bombenkrieg German

The Destruction of Dresden
Quotes Concerning the Bombing of Dresden
Dresden 1945

Hagen im Zweiten Weltkrieg German

"Operation Gomorrah": Der Feuersturm über Hamburg German
Hamburg im Bombenkrieg German

Schwerte im Bombenkrieg German
Wien im Bombenkrieg German
The Battle of the Ruhr German and English
Kaiserslautern im Bombenkrieg German
Bomben in Göttingen German



INTERNET CENSORSHIP AND THE GERMAN HISTORY DEBATE

The issue of Internet censorship in Germany is connected to the debate about German history.  For our report the issue of Internet censorship click the link below.

World Future Fund Report on Internet Censorship in Some Key Nations

Harvard Study on Filtering Practices by Google in France and Germany


BOOKS

CRITICAL PUBLICATIONS ABOUT THE GERMAN NEW RIGHT

Brauner-Orthen, Alice. Die Neue Rechte in Deutschland. Leske & Budrich Verlag, 2001

Cremet, Jean, et al. Jenseits des Nationalsozialismus. Unrast, 1999

Gessenharter, Wolfgang & Helmut Fröchling. Rechtsextremismus und Neue Rechte in Deutschland. Leske & Budrich Verlag, 1998

Nikolay, Bernd. Rechtsextremismus im Internet. Ergon 2000

Pfahl-Traughber, Armin. Rechtsextremismus in der Bundesrepublik. C.H. Beck, 2001

Pfahl-Traughber, Armin. "Konservative Revolution" und "Neue Rechte": Rechtsextremistische Intellektuelle gegen den demokratischen Verfassungsstaat. Leske & Budrich Verlag, 1998

Ruoff, Alexander. Verbiegen, Verdrängen, Beschweigen: Die Nationalgeschichte der Jungen Freiheit. Unrast Verlag, 2001

Schmidt, Friedemann. Die Neue Rechte und die Berliner Republik. Westdeutscher Verlag, 2001

Wiegmann, Susanne & Holger Oppenhäuser, Rechtsextremismus - was heisst das eigentlich Heute? Brandes & Apsel, 2003


RIGHT-WING POLITICAL THEORY AND CURRENT EVENTS

Benoist, Alain de. Totalitarismus. Kommunismus und Nationalsozialismus - die andere Moderne, 1917-1989. Junge Freiheit, 2001

Benoist, Alain de. Schöne vernetzte Welt. Eine Antwort auf die Globalisierung. Hohenrain, 2000

Benoist, Alain de. Aufstand der Kulturen. Europäisches Manifest für das 21. Jahrhundert. Junge Freiheit Verlag, 2003

Evola, Julius. Revolte gegen die moderne Welt. Reissue Arun Verlag, 2002

Fichter, Tilman. Die SPD und die Nation. Vier sozialdemokratische Generationen zwischen nationaler Selbstbestimmung und Zweistaatlichkeit. Ullstein, 1993

Jan von Flocken, Unser Tausendjähriges Reich. Homilius, 2006

Hoppe, Hans-Hermann. Demokratie: Der Gott, der keiner ist. Manuscriptum, 2003

Mahler, Horst & Franz Schönhuber. Schluss mit dem deutschen Selbsthass. Plädoyers für ein anderes Deutschland. Verlagsgesellschaft

Matthias Matussek, Wir Deutschen: Warum die anderen uns gern haben können. Fischer, 2006

Möllemann, Jürgen. Klartext für Deutschland. Bertelsmann, 2003

Nolte, Ernst. Der Faschismus: Von Mussolini zu Hitler. Mythos und Realität: Texte, Bilder, Dokumente. Edition Antaios, 2003

Nordbruch, Claus. Der Angriff: Eine Staats- und Gesellschaftskritik an der Berliner Republik. Grabert Verlag, 2003

Schacht, Ulrich & Schwilk, Heimo. Für eine Berliner Republik. Streitschriften, Reden, Essays nach 1989. Langen/Mueller, 1997

Schönhuber, Franz. Europas Patrioten. Woher - Wohin? Die Eurorechte: Chance oder Illusion?

Schwilk, Heimo & Ulrich Schacht. Die Selbstbewusste Nation: "Anschwellender Bockgesang" und weitere Beiträge zu einer deutschen Debatte. Ullstein, 1994

Stein, Dieter (Hrsg.). Die Tragödie des Westens. Beiträge und Interviews nach dem 11. September 2001.

Weißmann, Karlheinz. Alles was Recht(s) ist: Ideen, Köpfe und Perspektiven der politischen Rechte. Stocker, 2000

Weißmann, Karlheinz. Arnold Gehlen: Vordenker eines neuen Realismus. Edition Antaios, 2000

Zitelmann, Rainer. Wohin treibt unsere Republik? Ullstein, 1995


STANDARD HISTORIES OF GERMANY 1871 TO 1945

Benz, Wolfgang. Geschichte des Dritten Reiches. C.H. Beck, 2000

Broszat, Martin. Der Staat Hitlers. dtv, 2000

Buchheim, Hans, et al. Anatomie des SS-Staates. dtv, 1999

Fest, Joachim. Hitler: Eine Biographie. Propyläen Edition, 1995

Fischer, Fritz. Griff Nach der Weltmacht: Die Kriegszielpolitik des kaiserlichen Deutschland 1914/1918. Droste Edition, 2000

Frei, Norbert. Der Führerstaat: Nationalsozialistische Herrschaft 1933 bis1945. dtv, 2001

Haffner, Sebastian. Von Bismarck zu Hitler. Droemer Knaur, 2001

Höhne, Heinz. Der Orden unter Dem Totenkopf: Die Geschichte der SS. Orbis Edition, 2002.

Longerich, Peter. Politik der Vernichtung: Eine Gesamtdarstellung der nationalsozialistischen Judenverfolgung. Piper, 1998

Mommsen, Hans. Aufstieg und Untergang der Republik von Weimar 1918-1933. Propyläen, 2001

Peukert, Detlev J.K. Die Weimarer Republik. Suhrkamp, 1987

Wehler, Hans-Ulrich. Das Deutsche Kaiserreich 1871-1918. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1994

Winkler, Heinrich A. Weimar 1918-1933. C.H. Beck, 1999


RIGHT-WING EXAMINATIONS OF GERMAN HISTORY

Backes, Uwe, et al. Der Schatten der Vergangenheit: Impulse zur Historisierung des Nationalsozialismus. Ullstein, 1992

Mohler, Armin. Die Konservative Revolution in Deutschland 1918-1932. Stocker 1999

Nolte, Ernst. Streitpunkte: Heutige und kunftige Kontroversen um den Nationalsozialismus. Propyläen, 1993

Nolte, Ernst. Der kausale Nexus: Revision und Revisionismus in der Geschichtswissenschaft. Herbig, 2002

Schultze-Rhondorf, Gerd. 1939-Der Krieg der viele Väter hatte. Der lange Anlauf zum Zweiten Weltkrieg. Olzog, 2003

Weißmann, Karlheinz. Rückruf in die Geschichte. Ullstein, 1992


GERMANS AS VICTIMS OF ALLIED BOMBING
WAR CRIMES ACCUSATIONS AGAINST AMERICA AND ENGLAND

Bahsen, Uwe, et al. Die Stadt, die Sterben sollte

Brunswig, Hans. Feuersturm über Hamburg: Die Luftangriffe auf Hamburg im 2. Weltkrieg und ihre Folgen

Burgdorf, Stephan, et al. Als Feuer vom Himmel Fiel: Der Bombenkrieg in Deutschland

Friedrich, Jörg. Der Brand: Deutschland im Bombenkrieg 1940-1945

Hage, Volker. Hamburg 1943

Hage, Volker. Zeugen der Zerstörung: Die Literaten und der Luftkrieg

Kucklick, Christoph. Der Feuersturm: Bombenkrieg über Deutschland

PHOTOGRAPHIC BOOKS

Beseler, Hartwig/Niels Gutschow. Kriegsschicksale Deutscher Architektur

Eckhardt, Götz. Schicksale Deutscher Baudenkmale im Zweiten Weltkrieg. Wiesbaden, 2001

Friedrich, Jörg. Brandstätten: Der Anblick des Bombenkrieges

Junge Freiheit (Hrsg.) Der Tod fiel vom Himmel: Schicksale im Bombenkrieg 1940-1945 (See web site below)

VIDEOS

E-M-S. Luftangriff auf Dresden

E-M-S. Luftangriff auf Hamburg

E-M-S. Luftangriff auf Berlin

Spiegel TV. Bomben auf Berlin

Spiegel TV. Feuersturm: Bombenkrieg gegen Deutschland


GERMANS AS VICTIMS OF THE RED ARMY
WAR CRIMES ACCUSATIONS AGAINST RUSSIA, POLAND AND THE CZECHS

Courtois, Stéphane (Hrsg). Das Schwarzbuch des Kommunismus: Unterdrückung, Verbrechen und Terror im kommunistischen Machtbereich. Piper, 1999

Czernin, Rudolf. Das Ende der Tabus. Stocker, 1998

Hoffmann, Joachim. Stalins Vernichtungskrieg: Planung und Ausführung 1941-1945. Herbig, 2001

Maser, Werner. Das Wortbruch: Hitler, Stalin und der Zweite Weltkrieg. Heyne, 2001

Schön, Heinz. Flucht aus Ostpreussen 1945: Die Menschenjagd der Roten Armee. Arndt Verlag, 2001

Seidler, Franz W. Verbrechen an der Wehrmacht, Band 1: Kriegsgreuel der Roten Armee 1941/42. Pour le Merite, 1998

Seidler, Franz W. Verbrechen an der Wehrmacht, Band 2: Kriegsgreuel der Roten Armee 1942/43. Pour le Merite, 2000

Suworow, Viktor. Stalins Verhinderter Erstschlag: Hitler erstickt der Weltrevolution. Pour le Merite, 2000

VIDEOS

Ostpreussen im Inferno: Dokumentation der Tragödie von Juni 1944 bis Januar 1945 (Released 1999)

Ostpreussen im Todeskampf '45 (Released 2000)


THE EXPULSION OF GERMANS FROM EASTERN EUROPE

Bacque, James. Verschwiegene Schuld: Die allierte Besatzungspolitik in Deutschland nach 1945

De Zayas, Alfred. Die Anglo-Amerikaner und die Vertreibung der Deutschen. Ullstein, 1999

Erika Morgenstern, Überleben war schwerer als Sterben, Ostpreussen 1944-1948 (Herbig, 2004)

Nawratil, Heinz. Schwarzbuch der Vertreibung 1945 bis 1948: Das letzte Kapitel unbewältigter Vergangenheit

Röhl, Klaus R. Verbotene Trauer: Ende der deutschen Tabus. Universitas Verlag, 2002

Weinhold, Manfred. Deutschlands Gebietsverluste 1919-1945. Arndt Verlag 2003

ALLEGED POLISH WAR CRIMES

Reinoß, Herbert (Hrsg). Letzte Tage in Ostpreussen. Ullstein Tagebuch Verlag, 1985

Schacht, Ulrich (Hrsg). Letzte Tage in Mecklenburg. Langen/Mueller, 2002

Seidel, Theodor. Kriegsverbrechen in Ostsachsen. Das Neue Berlin, 2001

ALLEGED CZECH WAR CRIMES

Dedina, Sidonia. Edvard Benes - Der Liquidator.

Franzel, Emil. Die Vertreibung: Sudetenland 1945-1946. Aufstieg Verlag, 1992

Glotz, Peter. Die Vertreibung: Böhmen als Lehrstuck. Ullstein, 2003

Richter, Walli (Hrsg). Letzte Tage im Sudetenland. Langen/Mueller, 2002


PHOTO BOOKS ON THE THIRD REICH

Arndt Verlag. Hitlers Neue Reichskanzlei: "Haus des Großdeutschen Reiches" 1938-1945

Arndt Verlag. Hitlers Berghof 1928-1945

Arndt Verlag. Führerhauptquartier Wolfschanze 1940-1945

Hurgronje, C. Snouck. Die grossen Militärparaden des Dritten Reiches

Reichhardt, Hans J. & Wolfgang Schäche. Von Berlin nach Germania. Transit Buchverlag, 1998

Schön, Heinz. Hitlers Traumschiffe: Die "Kraft durch Freude" Flotte 1934-1939

Ullrich, Viktor. Reichsparteitag 1938 "Grossdeutschland". Nation Europa Verlag, 2003

Vosselman, Arend. Reichsautobahn: Schoenheit, Natur, Technik

Wallner, Franz. Der Österreich-Anschluß.


POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS ONLINE AND PRINT MEDIA OUTLETS GERMAN VICTIMS IN WORLD WAR II

INTERNET CENSORSHIPBOOKS AND VIDEOS